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HH Asaf Jah II

Born 7 March 1734 Hyderabad State, Mughal India (now in India)
Died 6 August 1803 (aged 69) Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal India (now in Telangana, India)
Reign 8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803

Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Bahadur, the fourth son of Nizam ul Mulk Asaf Jah I, assumed the subedari of the Deccan at 28, and ruled for the next 42 years.

He brought about a turning point in the rule of the Asaf Jahi dynasty by shifting the State capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad, in 1763. He restored the splendour of the city, which was dulled down after the fall of the Qutub Shahi rulers. Granting permission to Captain James Kirkpatrick to a Residency, he helped introduce grand European design elements to the architecture of the city. He was vital in shielding the Nizams from internal and external forces and streamlining the administration.